Cancer in LGBT Communities

LGBT Wellness Fact Sheets

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  2. Machalek DA, Poynten M, Jin F, Fairley CK, Farnsworth A, Garland SM, Hillman RJ, Petoumenos K, Roberts J, Tabrizi SN, Templeton DJ, Grulich AE. Anal human papillomavirus infection and associated neoplastic lesions in men who have sex with men: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Oncol. 2012;13(5):487-500. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(12)70080-3. PubMed PMID: 22445259.

  3. SEER Cancer Statistics Factsheets: Anal Cancer Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute; 2016 [updated April 2016; cited 2016 July 21]. Available from:

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  5. Mansh M, Katz KA, Linos E, Chren MM, Arron S. Association of Skin Cancer and Indoor Tanning in Sexual Minority Men and Women. JAMA Dermatol. 2015;151(12):1308-16. doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.3126. PubMed PMID: 26444580.

  6. Blashill AJ, Pagoto S. Skin Cancer Risk in Gay and Bisexual Men: A Call to Action. JAMA Dermatol. 2015;151(12):1293-4. doi: 10.1001/jamadermatol.2015.3125. PubMed PMID: 26445402; PMCID: PMC4852690.

  7. Agenor M, Peitzmeier S, Gordon AR, Haneuse S, Potter JE, Austin SB. Sexual Orientation Identity Disparities in Awareness and Initiation of the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Among U.S. Women and Girls: A National Survey. Ann Intern Med. 2015;163(2):99-106. doi: 10.7326/M14-2108. PubMed PMID: 25961737; PMCID: PMC4509853.

  8. 8. Burns EK, Deaton EA, Levinson AH. Rates and reasons: disparities in low intentions to use a state smoking cessation quitline. Am J Health Promot. 2011;25(5 Suppl):S59-65. Epub 2011/04/29. doi: 10.4278/ajhp.100611-QUAN-183. PubMed PMID: 21510788.

  9. 9. Grant J, Mottet L, Tanis J, Harrison J, Herman J, Keisling M. Injustice at every turn: A report of the national transgender discrimination survey. Washington: National Center for Transgender Equality and National Gay and Lesbian Task Force, 2011.

  10. Unger CA. Care of the transgender patient: a survey of gynecologists' current knowledge and practice. J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2015;24(2):114-8. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2014.4918. PubMed PMID: 25525682.

  11. Peitzmeier SM, Reisner SL, Harigopal P, Potter J. Female-to-male patients have high prevalence of unsatisfactory Paps compared to non-transgender females: implications for cervical cancer screening. J Gen Intern Med. 2014;29(5):778-84. doi: 10.1007/s11606-013-2753-1. PubMed PMID: 24424775; PMCID: PMC4000345.

  12. D'Souza G, Rajan SD, Bhatia R, Cranston RD, Plankey MW, Silvestre A, Ostrow DG, Wiley D, Shah N, Brewer NT. Uptake and predictors of anal cancer screening in men who have sex with men. Am J Public Health. 2013;103(9):e88-95. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2013.301237. PubMed PMID: 23865658; PMCID: PMC3740081.

  13. Reed AC, Reiter PL, Smith JS, Palefsky JM, Brewer NT. Gay and bisexual men's willingness to receive anal Papanicolaou testing. Am J Public Health. 2010;100(6):1123-9. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2009.176446. PubMed PMID: 20395576; PMCID: PMC2866587.

  14. Bazzi AR, Whorms DS, King DS, Potter J. Adherence to Mammography Screening Guidelines Among Transgender Persons and Sexual Minority Women. Am J Public Health. 2015;105(11):2356-8. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2015.302851. PubMed PMID: 26378843.

  15. Johnson MJ, Mueller M, Eliason MJ, Stuart G, Nemeth LS. Quantitative and Mixed Analyses to Identify Factors that Affect Cervical Cancer Screening Uptake among Lesbian and Bisexual Women and Transgender Men. J Clin Nurs. 2016. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13414. PubMed PMID: 27240268.

  16. Jabson JM, Farmer GW, Bowen DJ. Health Behaviors and Self-Reported Health Among Cancer Survivors by Sexual Orientation. LGBT Health. 2015;2(1):41-7. doi: 10.1089/lgbt.2014.0038. PubMed PMID: 26790017; PMCID: PMC4855727.

  17. Kamen C, Blosnich JR, Lytle M, Janelsins MC, Peppone LJ, Mustian KM. Cigarette Smoking Disparities among Sexual Minority Cancer Survivors. Prev Med Rep. 2015;2:283-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.04.004. PubMed PMID: 25984441; PMCID: PMC4430723.